The first European explorers found the Island to be uninhabited, as evidenced by the lack of campfires and tameness of the wildlife...
Due to rising sea levels Kangaroo Island was separated from mainland Australia around 10,000 years ago. Recognised as Karta or "Island of the Dead” by mainland Aboriginal tribes, the existence of shell middens and stone tools demonstrate that Aboriginal people lived on Kangaroo Island as long as 16,000 and may have only disappeared from the island as recently as 2000 years ago.
Early European explorers believed the Island to be uninhabited and this was disputed in the 1930s when Aboriginal campsites were discovered in a number of areas around the Island, including one near the fur seal colony of Cape du Couedic.
Modern Exploration & Settlement
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